Tombs

    Mastaba: From c.3400 BC, these were built for the ruling classes; they consisted of an underground substructure (a brick-lined pit to accommodate the burial), and a superstructure (to mark the grave above ground and to provide storage for funerary possessions). They were built of mudbrick and, later, of stone. Egyptologists use the term 'mastaba' because the superstructure has the shape and appearance of the mastaba (Arabic 'bench') placed outside Egyptian village houses. The pyramid, built as a burial-place for royalty, probably developed from the mastaba tomb, but the nobility retained this structure for their own burials throughout the Old Kingdom.
    Rock-cut: later, in the Middle Kingdom, rock-cut tombs replaced mastaba tombs for the nobles' burials. These were cut in the cliffs in the various nomes (provinces), and incorporated burial chambers and offering chapels. By the New Kingdom, the kings abandoned pyramids in favour of rock-cut tombs in the Valley of the Kings; their queens and princes were similarly buried in the nearby area now called the Valley of the Queens, while the high officials occupied rock-cut tombs scattered across the area.
Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David

Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • TOMBS —    Etruscan funerary architecture and furniture used to dominate all perceptions of the Etruscans and there is a wealth of information about tombs. A distinctive feature of tombs is that they are generally placed on the approaches to cities and… …   Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans

  • Tombs — Francis Leonard Tombs, Baron Tombs (* 17. Mai 1924) ist ein britischer Politiker. Er ist seit 1990 Mitglied des House of Lords. Tombs betätigte sich in der Energiewirtschaft und war in den 1970er Jahren Vorsitzender des Versorgungsunternehmens… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tombs —    Of the Hebrews were generally excavated in the solid rock, or were natural caves. Mention is made of such tombs in Judg. 8:32; 2 Sam. 2:32; 2 Kings 9:28; 23:30. They were sometimes made in gardens (2 Kings 21:26; 23:16; Matt. 27:60). They are… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • tombs —    As was the case in other ancient civilizations, the peoples of ancient Mesopotamia interred their dead in graves or tombs of varying size and splendor. They also placed grave goods, such as food, clothes, tools, weapons, and musical… …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

  • tombs — Jewish dead were always buried, and skeletons of the 1st cent. CE of crucified victims have been discovered in a cemetery in Jerusalem. If burial took place in a grave, it would be covered with stones after the interment. Larger tombs, or… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Tombs — Recorded in over two hundred spelling forms ranging from the British Tomas and Thomas, the Italian Tommasi and Toma, the German Thom, Thomas, Thoma, Thumm, and Thome, the Slavonic Tomaschek, the Russian Fominov, the Belorussian Tomich and Khomich …   Surnames reference

  • Tombs — old New York City Prison on the Lower East Side, connected to the Criminal Courts Building by a Bridge of Sighs …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • tombs — tuːm n. vault, grave …   English contemporary dictionary

  • TOMBS — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Tombs of the Nobles — are a collective term applied to tombs of workers, foremen’s, priests, soldiers, officials, viziers, princes etc. usually located in the area of a major ancient site in Egypt.* Tombs of the Nobles (Luxor) mdash; a number of tomb areas on the West …   Wikipedia

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